NOAA Marine Debris Clearinghouse
Welcome to the NOAA Marine Debris Program Information Clearinghouse, an online resource empowering the marine debris community to discover, explore, and apply knowledge in their efforts to study and mitigate marine debris and its impacts.
This site houses information on the ongoing and historical marine debris projects of the MDP and its many funded partners. The Marine Debris Clearinghouse allows users in the marine debris community to query and discover these projects based on the project category, location, or debris type through two distinct views:
- The Explore view allows users to narrow their search by project category, date, debris type, project title, and region/territory
- The Visualize view provides an interactive Google-map tool where a user can narrow their view by activity, debris type, funding year, and/or region. Projects can also be viewed in a timeline or tabular view
The Marine Debris Program is excited to present this tool designed to improve the state of marine debris knowledge, promote collaboration, and spark ideas for prevention and mitigation. In the future, the Clearinghouse will grow to integrate new features including a photo gallery with indexed images linked to projects, papers, and other content by common vocabularies as well as a searchable resource library including successful techniques, regional action and response plans, technical documents, and “topic papers” that reflect the state of knowledge of a given topic within the overall issue of marine debris.
The content on the Clearinghouse will be updated as projects are completed and more information becomes available, so we'd encourage you to check back on your areas of interest. If you have questions or feedback on the site or its contents, please contact us using the link below or a direct email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Launching the Marine Debris Clearinghouse July 10, 2013 by NOAA Marine Debris Program
By: Courtney Arthur
We are thrilled to unveil a new tool for the marine debris community!
Today, the NOAA Marine Debris Program (MDP) is launching the Marine Debris Clearinghouse, an online resource for the rapidly growing marine debris community to discover, explore, and apply knowledge in marine debris research and operations. This resource will benefit the nation’s coastal managers, researchers, policy makers, educators, industry, and communities studying to mitigate marine debris and its impacts.
Send photos, quotes, website links, docs, etc. for the blog and photo page to Lisa
Tired of using paper data cards for cleanups? Try using the Marine Debris Tracker App on your smart phone. It uses GPS
Vásquez, Anthropogenic marine debris in the coastal environment: A multi-year comparison between coastal waters and local shores, Marine Pollution Bulletin
M. Thiel, I.A. Hinojosa, L. Miranda, J.F. Pantoja, M.M. Rivadeneira, N.
Vásquez, Anthropogenic marine debris in the coastal environment: A multi-year comparison between coastal waters and local shores, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 71, Issues 1–2, 15 June 2013, Pages 307-316, ISSN 0025-326X, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.01.005.
Abstract: Anthropogenic marine debris (AMD) is frequently studied on sandy beaches and occasionally in coastal waters, but links between these two environments have rarely been studied. High densities of AMD were found in coastal waters and on local shores of a large bay system in northern-central Chile. No seasonal pattern in AMD densities was found, but there was a trend of increasing densities over the entire study period. While plastics and Styrofoam were the most common types of AMD both on shores and in coastal waters, AMD composition differed slightly between the two environments. The results suggest that AMD from coastal waters are deposited on local shores, which over time accumulate all types of AMD. The types and the very low percentages of AMD with epibionts point to mostly local sources. Based on these results, it can be concluded that a reduction of AMD will require local solutions.
Keywords: Anthropogenic marine debris; Local shores; Coastal waters; Plastics; SE Pacific
“Plastisphere”: Microbial Communities on Plastic Marine Debris Erik R. Zettler, Tracy J. Mincer, and Linda A. Amaral-Zettler
Life in the “Plastisphere”: Microbial Communities on Plastic Marine Debris Erik R. Zettler, Tracy J. Mincer, and Linda A. Amaral-Zettler Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (13), pp 7137–7146
Plastics are the most abundant form of marine debris, with global production rising and documented impacts in some marine environments, but the influence of plastic on open ocean ecosystems is poorly understood, particularly for microbial communities. Plastic marine debris (PMD) collected at multiple locations in the North Atlantic was analyzed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and next-generation sequencing to characterize the attached microbial communities. We unveiled a diverse microbial community of heterotrophs, autotrophs, predators, and symbionts, a community we refer to as the “Plastisphere”.
Pits visualized in the PMD surface conformed to bacterial shapes suggesting active hydrolysis of the hydrocarbon polymer. Small-subunit rRNA gene surveys identified several hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, supporting the possibility that microbes play a role in degrading PMD.
Some Plastisphere members may be opportunistic pathogens (the authors, unpublished data) such as specific members of the genus Vibrio that dominated one of our plastic samples. Plastisphere communities are distinct from surrounding surface water, implying that plastic serves as a novel ecological habitat in the open ocean. Plastic has a longer half-life than most natural floating marine substrates, and a hydrophobic surface that promotes microbial colonization and biofilm formation, differing from autochthonous substrates in the upper layers of the ocean.
Scientists Discover Thriving Colonies of Microbes in Ocean 'Plastisphere'
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Media Relations Office
June 27, 2013